There are a number of ways hackers can infiltrate your security. We all know about viruses, malware, and other means, but there are some you may not be aware of. All of these methods involve sophisticated techniques which bypass normal security to get to your critical data. It is crucial not only for individuals to be aware of these threats, but also for businesses to take heart and have a plan to avoid the damage done by these hacking methods.
METHODS OF HACKING (MOST FREQUENTLY USED TODAY)
1) Cross-site Scripting
This method involves the hacker injecting client-side scripting into their applications and websites which will be viewed by other viewers. It is generally an attempt to bypass the security put in place by a server, in order to make the browser think the access is approved by the server. This allows penetration into the system where they can further control the security because the system thinks it is a valid user.
2) SQL Injection
One of the most commonly used methods today, this method is similar to virus implanting, because it involves injecting malicious code into specific applications, where critical data is housed. This makes SQL servers vulnerable to further attack because of the penetration into top levels of security involving this method.
3) Path Traversal
This is a direct attack on passwords and usernames, such as we see happening often on Face Book and other accounts nowadays. Once the information if obtained to allow log in, the user gets into the system via a specific file or access point where they can do further damage.
4) Denial of Service
This method is particularly harmful for businesses, not so much for the damage it does the server itself, but for the loss of reputation a business can experience. Hackers using this method infiltrate the system by hacking into the main server. Once there, they can create a “denial of service” for users of your service or business. This creates distrust from users, as well as frustrations, as they struggle to figure out why they are locked out. Once the problem is resolved, emails can be sent to clients explaining the situation, but even so, it is difficult to rebuild trust after this. In addition to the obvious issues, it also creates an exorbitant amount of “down time” for servers and businesses which cannot be replaced.
5) Remote File Execution
The technical equivalent to exploding a bomb from afar, this method creates havoc by accessing a remote file on your server with a malicious command to execute at the hacker’s will. This is the most akin to virus implantation, and can destroy valuable data, corrupt your system, and create down time.So what do you do about these dreaded threats? The best thing you can do, as a business owner, is to know they exist. Then make sure you have a security system in place which includes ways to back up your critical data, protect the information and processes crucial to your business, and have an emergency plan, in the event of an attack.
These are the most commonly used threats on servers we know of today, but more are being created all the time. Make sure you have an “IT Disaster Plan” in the event of such a problem, and a server integrity check done regularly to check for issues. The first step is awareness. The next step is to put something in place today, so you won’t be scrambling to perform “damage control” tomorrow.
Lucas Parker is a professional blogger that provides advice on managed hosting and cloud services. He writes for Compuone, a top IT consulting company.